English for Speakers of Other Languages

17. Define, Explain Actions & Sequence

Level: Intermediate

Corresponding State Language Forms

Connected text including irregular nouns, personal possessive pronouns and adjectives with some irregular past tense verbs.

Define concrete and abstract concepts or objects with correct nouns, pronouns and adjective.

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Relate events from a personal experience
  • Explain a picture or illustration
  • Relate actions in a story
  • Explain the steps in a science experiment or any sequence in an academic register
  • Define concrete and abstract objects and concepts

Sample Language Patterns:

Relate events from a personal experience:
  • I said….. The following night
  • He told me that….
  • They asked….
  • While
  • As soon as
  • The following night
Explain a picture or an illustration:
  • In the illustration there is (are/was/were)…
  • In the illustration there is (are/was/were)…
  • In your diagram is (are/was/were) there…?
  • Our diagram has/had…
  • Does/did your picture have…?
Relate actions in a story:
  • In the beginning…
  • In the middle…
  • In the end…
Explain the steps in a science experiment or any sequence in an academic register
  • The first step was…
  • The second step was…
  • The third step was…
  • First…,next …, Later…,
  • Before…, During…, After…
  • Finally… etc.
  • The first thing that happened was…
  • The second thing that happened was…
  • The second thing that happened was…
Define concrete and abstract objects and concepts:
  • ___ (noun) is a feeling that ____.
  • ___ (noun) is a gas which ____.
  • ___ (noun) is/ are ______.

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