English for Speakers of Other Languages

18. Compare, Contrast & Classify

Level: Intermediate

Corresponding State Language Forms

Subject/verb/adjective, but ___. Adjective with –er or –est.

Subject/verb/adjective like ___ ,but not like subject /verb/adjective

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Make comparisons and contrasts of people, places and things
  • Express preferences, likes and dislikes
  • Compare items and put them in rank order
  • Ask and respond to classifying and categorizing questions

Sample Language Patterns:

Make comparisons and contrasts of people, places and things:
  • My/his/her ___ is as __ as ___.
  • He/she/it ____, but ____ doesn’t.
  • They are both ___.
  • ___ thinks that ___ need to/have to/etc. ___, but I think ___ can/should/are capable of ___.
  • We both think/believe that ___ and ___ can/should/might ___.
  • ___ and ___ are both ___.
  • They are different because __ are __ and __ are __.
  • ___ are ___, have __ and are __ ___, but ___ are ___, have ___, and ___.
  • Both ___ and ___ are ___, ___, and are ___.
  • Both ___ and ___ can/ are able to ___.
Comparatives (Adjectives and adverbs) with special forms:
  • Good, better, best
  • Bad, worse, worst
  • Some, more, most
  • Little, less, least
Comparative phrases:
  • --er/more than (faster than/ more intelligent)
  • The ---est/ the most… of all (of all)
  • as ___ as (as tall as)
  • not as __ as
Express preferences, likes and dislikes:
  • ___ likes ___ better than ___.
  • Do you want to ___ or ___?
  • I like ___, but not ___.
  • What is your most/least favorite ___?
Compare items and put them in rank order:
  • First, Second, Third…
  • ___, ___er, and ___est
  • Put the ___ in order from __ to ___.
  • By size.
  • I put the ___ one, then the ___ one and then the ___ one.
Ask and respond to classifying and categorizing questions:
  • These have…
  • Those have…
  • They are similar, but the ___ in this group all have ___ and the ___ in this group all have ___.
  • A ___ is a ___ because it has ___, ___, and ___.
  • Are these ___ or ___? How do you know?
  • Was the ___ a ___ or a __?
  • The ___ was ___ because he/she/it/they ___.
Conjunctions:
  • ___ is like ___ because ___.
  • ___ are like ___ because ___.
  • ___, but ___