English for Speakers of Other Languages

19. Make Predictions, Inferences, Cause & Effect

Level: Intermediate

Corresponding State Language Forms

The ___ will ___.

Descriptive sentences with past tense verbs.

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • State cause and effect of an event
  • Make predictions about a topic
  • Make inferences about a situation

Sample Language Patterns:

State cause and effect of an event:
  • The ____(noun) was ___ so/thatís why ___.
  • I ___ because I ___
  • It wasnít ___ today, so I ___.
  • I didnít ___ because I was/wasnít ___.
  • I was ___ and I couldnít/could ___ so I ___.
  • I ___ because I was ___ and couldnít ___.
  • The ____ (noun) was so ___
  • I didnít want to ___.
  • I am ___ so Iím going to get ___.
  • I am going to ___ because ___.
  • ___ will probably ___.
Make inferences about a situation:
  • ___ (noun) ___ (reflexive verb) ___ (prepositional phrase) so they Ö
  • When theÖ, ___(noun)Ö
  • (Ex: When the water starts to freeze, children skate on ponds.)
  • If you do/donít ___ the ___ wonít/donít/will ___.
  • The ___ ___(ed) because Ö
  • The main reason ___ is because ___.
  • One of the main causes of ___ is ___.
  • There are several major causes of ___.
  • Their ___(noun) ___(verb) because they have ___.
  • They have ___ so they havenít been ___.
  • ___ will probably ___.
  • It seems like ___ because ____
  • ___ ____(s) when you ___.
  • If ___, then ___.
Make predictions about a topic:
  • It looks like itís going to ___ because ___.
  • It looks like it will ___ because ___.
  • It looks like it might ___ because ___.
  • In the ___ (season), itís going to ___, so you need to ___.
  • In the ___ (season), itís going to be ___ so you should ___.
  • In the ___ (season) itís going to be ___ so youíll ___.
  • I predict that ___.
  • Itís going to ___, so ____ might ___.