English for Speakers of Other Languages

21. Describe Spatial & Temporal Relations

Level: Early Advanced/Advanced

Corresponding State Language Forms

None

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Use transitional words for time expression
  • Express time relationship between past, present and future
  • Use a variety of expressions of time with reference to time of speaking
  • Use a variety of expressions of time with reference to shifted time

Sample Language Patterns:

Use transition words:
  • Still
  • Yet
  • Soon
  • Already
  • Anymore
  • Just
Express time relationship between past and present actions:
  • Has/Have/had ___ (you, he, she, it, they) finished ___?
  • No, I still have a little left.
  • No, I havenít finished yet.
  • No, but Iíll finish soon.
  • Yes, I already finished.
  • No, she isnít working on it anymore.
  • Yes, I had already finished.
Use a variety of expressions of time:
Expressions used with reference to time of speaking



Expressions used with reference to shifted time: