English for Speakers of Other Languages

25. Define, Explain Actions & Sequence

Level: Early Advanced/Advanced

Corresponding State Language Forms

Concrete and abstract topics using irregular nouns, singular and plural, personal and possessive pronouns and adjectives.

Clear, well-structured, detailed language on complex subjects, showing controlled use of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives.

Possessive
(I know the woman whose father is visiting.) Subordinate conjunctions used to join two grammatical parts of equal rank. (Although he worked hard, he did not finish his homework.)

Object of Comparison
(The person whom Susan is taller than, is Mary.)

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Explain routines and events
  • Explain actions or events in academic contexts such as the plot in a story or novel, a science experiment, a math problem, a historic event, etc.
  • Define content vocabulary
  • Explain natural or mechanical processes

Sample Language Patterns:

Explain routines:
  • I had always been ___ until ___.
  • From time to time I …
  • I used to…
  • I/he/she was getting used to …
  • I had been used to …
  • I have been used to (accustomed to)…
  • Continually
  • Constantly
  • Seldom
  • Three times
  • Many times
  • Multiple times
  • …while…
  • …as…
  • …unless…
Explain actions or events in academic contexts such as the plot in a story or novel, a science experiment, a math problem or a historic event, etc
  • What did the character do before/after …?
  • How could the problem be solved?
  • The ____(noun) took place when______. That’s why…
  • ___ have/had been ___ when ___.
  • Therefore,
  • In addition to,
  • Moreover,
  • Beside,
Define content vocabulary:
  • Metamorphosis is a process that….
  • Finding the square root of a number means to …….
  • A metaphor is a ____ that…..
  • Amphibians are ____ which….
  • An equation is a ____ that….
  • The person whose____ is….
Explain natural or mechanical processes
  • The first thing that needs to be done…., then….
  • In addition, you should……
  • On the other had, if you…. It could …..
  • The water circle starts…
  • As a result, the….
  • In order to,
  • Hence,
  • For this purpose,
  • Due to,