English for Speakers of Other Languages

26. Compare, Contrast & Classify

Level: Early Advanced/Advanced

Corresponding State Language Forms

Varied sentence structures with specific comparative adjectives and phrases.

Subject/verb/adjective, both subject/verb, but

Approximately used idiomatic phrases and contrasting words (e.g. whereas and in contrast)

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Compare items and put them in rank order
  • Ask and respond to classifying and categorizing questions
  • Denote similarities and differences

Sample Language Patterns:

Compare items and put them in rank order:
  • The most_____.
  • The least_____.
  • Nearly as…as
  • This/there are substantially more____ (adjective) than ____.
  • They are slightly ___ (adjective + er) than _____.
  • It has much less ____ than____.
Ask and respond to classifying and categorizing questions:
  • Was this ___?
  • Were those ___?
  • What makes you think ___ (they are/they were)…?
  • Why is ____ bigger than______?
  • Which one is ______?
  • Do you think they both_____?
Denote similarities and differences:
  • ___ and ___ were both ___.
  • They were slightly/ very different because ___ were ___ and ___ was ____
  • ___ has both ___ and ___.
  • Both of them were ___.
  • These had quite the same____ as ____.
  • Those are different from _____.
  • None of them___
  • ___ is equal to ___.
  • ___ is equivalent to ___
  • ___ is not as __ as ___.
  • These do not sound at all alike.