English for Speakers of Other Languages

27. Make Predictions, Inference, Cause & Effect

Level: Early Advanced/Advanced

Corresponding State Language Forms

Conditional (could, might) mood in complex sentences.

Complex sentences with past tense verbs.

Conditional: If ___ had/hadn’t ___.

___ would/wouldn’t have ___.

At the end of this language function, students will be able to...

  • Explain reasons for feelings or actions
  • Give reasons to explain a physical condition
  • Explain causes of natural or mechanical processes
  • Make predictions about a topic

Sample Language Patterns:

Explain reasons for feelings or actions:
  • ___ was/had been/has been ___ because of…
  • ___ was/had been/has been ___ due to…
  • They ___(ed) because they needed to…
  • It would be helpful to___ because …
  • I’d like to have been…..
  • I’d have preferred not to have had….
Give reasons to explain physical conditions:
  • I was ___ therefore/consequently/as a result I ___.
  • Because I ___, I ___.
  • I was so ___ I didn’t want to ___.
  • I was ___ so I went to get ___.
  • I was ___ so ___.
  • I was going to ___ because ___.
  • Because of ___I (you, he, she it, they) ___.
Explain causes of natural or mechanical processes:
  • The main reason ___ was due to the fact…
  • One of the main causes of ___ was ___.
  • Their ___(noun) ___(verb) because they had…
  • If you would ___, then ___ might ___.
  • They have been ___ so they haven’t been ___.
  • ___ would/could probably ___.
Make predictions about a topic:
  • It looked like it was going to ___ because ___.
  • It looks like it could ___ because ___.
  • In the ___ (season), it might ___, so you (might/should/could) need to ___.
  • It might ___, so ___ will (is/are going to)…